Teaching with Primary Sources: Media Studies and the Archive
Cinema Journal Teaching Dossier Vol 4 (3)
Edited by Kate Fortmueller, University of Georgia and Laura Isabel Serna, University of Southern California
Table of Contents
Rebooting Studies of Film Authorship by Curating in the Classroom at Michigan by Matthew Solomon, Vincent Longo, and Philip Hallman
Traversing the Scales of Archival Research by Martin L. Johnson
Teaching Local Television History with Primary Sources by Stephen Groening
As we have both discovered, primary historical sources have the capacity to animate discussions of film and media history in compelling, substantive ways. Working with primary sources allows students the opportunity to experience the thrill of discovery, see first hand the complexity of the past, and use their analytical skills to coax meaning out of the past. At the same time, incorporating archival materials into undergraduate courses often seems intimidating or time consuming, and indeed, these kinds of projects require a great deal of planning to make student encounters with the archive successful. Additionally, proximity to and distance from media archives present practical obstacles to creating and executing projects using primary, archival sources with undergraduates. Given these challenges how can we effectively incorporate the study of archival material into undergraduate teaching?
This dossier on teaching with primary sources seeks to expand on the dossier “Teaching Humanistic Research Methods” by addressing the use of primary sources in the undergraduate classroom. In crafting our CFP we saw three approaches to teaching with primary sources that seemed particularly promising: the growing ability to media-related archives online in digital form, the creative use of local archival collections, and collaborative teaching with archives or special collections. The submissions for this dossier span all of these approaches and provide concrete examples of how to use primary sources in film, radio, and television history courses. Matthew Solomon, Vincent Longo, and Philip Hallman explain, from the perspective of a professor, student, and librarian, what it means to redesign a course to make use of an institution’s special collections. Writing about digital collections that have been produced by an institution not affiliated with a university or college, Jenny Romero offers a thorough description of the Margaret Herrick Library’s physical and digital resources and Emily Carman lays out the many ways she has worked with her home library to provide students access to digital primary sources and guide them through independent research. Martin L. Johnson focuses on the ways in which both digital and physical archives can help students connect to Hollywood history on a more personal level or at a more granular level. Christine Ehrick outlines how the use of archival radio in the classroom helps students understand the importance of radio preservation. Finally, Stephen Groening demonstrates how he reimagined a television history course to focus on student research about local television history in Seattle.
Emily Carman is an associate professor of film studies in the Dodge College of Film and Media Arts at Chapman University, where she teaches a versatile range of classes primarily on American cinema, film history, and historiography for undergraduate and graduate students. She is author of Independent Stardom: Freelance Women in the Hollywood Studio System (University of Texas Press, 2016) and co-editor of Hollywood and the Law (BFI Press, 2015). She has also published articles in Cinephile, Quarterly Review of Film and Video, Celebrity Studies, and The Moving Image.
Christine Ehrick is an Associate Professor of History at the University of Louisville, where she has taught since 2001. Her second book, Radio and the Gendered Soundscape: Women and Broadcasting in Argentina and Uruguay, 1930-1950 (Cambridge, 2015) is a study of women’s voices and golden age broadcasting in South America’s two most important early radio markets. In addition to courses on Latin American and World History, she regularly teaches a History of Radio class at the graduate and advanced undergraduate level. She is also currently the Communications Director for the Radio Preservation Task Force, a federal project overseen by the National Recording Preservation Board of the Library of Congress
Kate Fortmueller is an assistant professor in the Department of Entertainment and Media Studies at the University of Georgia, where she teaches courses in media theory and media industries. Her research utilizes both archival evidence and ethnographic methods to explore historical and contemporary issues for people working in film, television, and digital production. Her work appears in Film History, Journal of Film and Video, Television & New Media, and Spectator.
Stephen Groening is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Comparative Literature, Cinema and Media at the University of Washington and the author of Cinema Beyond Territory: Inflight Entertainment and Atmospheres of Globalization (BFI, 2014). He has published articles in Film History, Film Criticism, History and Technology, New Media and Society and Visual Studies. His current book project traces the influence of television on postwar European critical theory.
Philip Hallman is the Field Librarian for Film Studies and the Curator of the Screen Arts Mavericks and Makers Collections at the University of Michigan Special Collections Library. He has guided student-curated exhibitions of some of the collection’s leading creators, including Robert Altman, John Sayles, Orson Welles, and Ira Deutchman.
Martin L. Johnson is Assistant Professor of Media and Communication Studies at The Catholic University of America. His first book, Main Street Movies: The History of the Local Film in the United States, is forthcoming from Indiana University Press. He has published articles in The Moving Image, the Historical Journal of Film, Radio, and Television, and Early Popular Visual Culture.
Vincent Longo is a second-year Ph.D. student in the Department of Screen Arts and Cultures at the University of Michigan who has used extensive research in the international Welles archives as the basis for conference papers and audiovisual essays, a live multimedia staging of “Too Much Johnson” at the Detroit Institute of Arts, and a scholarly anthology chapter. In 2017, he was the first Ph.D. pre-candidate in the history of the University of Michigan’s Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program to receive the “outstanding mentor” award for his mentorship of four first-year undergraduate researchers.
Jenny Romero is Head of Reference and Public Services at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences’ Margaret Herrick Library, where she has worked closely with researchers for more than a decade. She received a B.A. in Film and Latin American Studies from Vassar College, and an M.A. in Film Studies with Film Archiving from the University of East Anglia.
Laura Isabel Serna is Associate Professor of Cinema and Media Studies at the University of Southern California’s School of Cinematic Arts, where she teaches international film history, historical methods, and Latino/a and Latin American cinema and media. A historian by training and predilection her research focuses on uncovering and recovering histories thought lost or unimportant. She is the author of Making Cinelandia: American Films and Mexican Film Culture before the Golden Age (Duke University Press, 2014) as well as essays that have been published in Americas: A Quarterly Review of Latin American History, Aztlán: A Journal of Chicano Studies, and Film History.
Matthew Solomon is Associate Professor in the Department of Screen Arts and Cultures at the University of Michigan. He is the author of a 2015 BFI Film Classics monograph on The Gold Rush and of Disappearing Tricks: Silent Film, Houdini, and the New Magic of the Twentieth Century, which won the Kraszna-Krausz award for best moving image book in 2011, and is the editor of Fantastic Voyages of the Cinematic Imagination: Georges Méliès’s Trip to the Moon. In addition to regularly teaching the large introductory lecture course, “Art of Film,” he has taught a number of different courses for graduate and undergraduate students involving methods of film historical primary-source research at the University of Michigan, the City University of New York, Indiana University, and New York University.
Previous Cinema Journal Teaching Dossiers
- Teaching (with) Social Media Vol. 1 (1) edited by Erin Copple Smith and Lisa Patti
- The Video Essay Assignment Vol. 1 (2) edited by Christine Becker and Erin Copple Smith
- Paratexts and Pedagogy Vol. 1 (3) edited by Ted Hovet and Lisa Patti
- New Approaches to Teaching World Cinema Vol. 2 (1) edited by Diane Carson and William Costanzo
- Teaching Film and Media Studies in Liberal Arts Colleges Vol. 2 (2) edited by Elizabeth Nathanson and Carol Donelan
- Beyond Google: Teaching Humanistic Research Skills Vol. 2 (3) edited by Alice Leppert and Anthony Nadler
- Online Teaching in Film and Media Studies Vol. 3 (1) edited by Murray Leeder and George Larke-Walsh
- Critical Pedagogies in Neoliberal Times Vol. 3 (2) edited by Courtney Bailey and Julie Wilson
- DH and Media Studies Crossovers Vol. 3 (3) edited by Melanie E.S. Kohnen & Leah Shafer
- Integrating Production in Film and Media Courses Vol. 4 (1) edited by Chera Kee and Maurizio Viano
- Negotiating Precarious Positions: Strategies for Working As and With Adjuncts, and Other Non-Tenure-Track Faculty Positions in Cinema and Media Studies Vol 4 (2) edited by Beth Corzo-Duchardt, Dawn Fratini, and Isabel Pinedo
About the Cinema Journal Teaching Dossier
Cinema Journal and TeachingMedia.org have formed a partnership to develop a quarterly feature called the Cinema Journal Teaching Dossier. The goals of this partnership are to foster critical reflection on media studies teaching and pedagogy and to engender serious discussion of pedagogical issues via an active online platform. Topic ideas for Teaching Dossiers will originate with input from the SCMS Teaching Committee and will be approved by a representative of both Cinema Journal and TeachingMedia.org before being disseminated as calls for submissions.
Each Teaching Dossier will be overseen by a pair of editors. The editors will craft a call for submissions and shepherd submissions from acceptance to publication, as well as write an introductory essay for the Dossier.
Each Teaching Dossier will feature 4-6 essays on a similar pedagogical topic. Each essay should be between 1300-1800 words and written in scholarly prose appropriate for professional journal publication. Authors are also encouraged to take advantage of the online platform and utilize links, images, and multimedia in their posts. Citation format should be Chicago.
Submissions will be solicited via open calls, as well as targeted invitations. Those wishing to submit an essay for a Teaching Dossier should provide a 300-word abstract of the proposed essay, describing the essay topic and how it connects to the Dossier topic, as well as a 150-word teaching biography highlighting relevant courses taught. Even in the case of invited submissions, the approval process will be competitive, and only the best proposals will be accepted.
Once proposals are accepted, authors will have approximately two months to complete their essays. Essays will be submitted to the Dossier editors, who will then put the essays through a rigorous editorial process, which may include blind peer-review editorial board oversight. Authors may be asked to conduct revisions on their essays, and the editors may decline to include an essay in the Dossier if it is deemed to be substandard or insufficiently revised according to editorial demands.
Once final drafts of the essays are approved by the editors and representatives of Cinema Journal and TeachingMedia.org, the Teaching Dossier materials will be submitted to TeachingMedia.org at least one week in advance of the anticipated posting date.
- Submit your contribution as a word doc to issue editors.
- Embed all hyperlinks.
- Your document should be single-spaced. Separate paragraphs with a hard return, and do not indent the first line.
- Please use parenthetical citations only. No footnotes or endnotes please.
- Bold subheadings.
- Send images separately as JPG files.
- Clearly indicate where you’d like images and videos inserted. Provide captions as necessary.
- We cannot upload movie files directly into posts. Please provide a url for all videos you’d like to feature in your post.
- Include your bio at the conclusion of your post after the list of references.
Founding and Managing Editors
Christine Becker, Department of Film, Television and Theater, University of Notre Dame.
Anthony Nadler, Department of Media and Communication Studies, Ursinus College
Julie Wilson, Department of Communication Arts and Theater, Allegheny College